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Laptop Connectors and Ports and What
You Need to Know to Connect
What the Mobile Device Broker
needs to (absolutely) know about the connectors and ports in ALL LAPTOPS AND NETBOOKS....
..........................it's our pleasure to present yet
another engaging and interesting Training-Module from Clear-Cloud.com Network
What the Broker needs to know
via Mobile Computing - for those soon-to-be Registered Mobile Device Brokers & Liquidation Pros -
in the hidden and extremely lucrative Mkt of Corporates-Enterprise IT Asset Disposals that are Mobile Devices......................
Connectors and Ports...........................What the Registered Mobile Device
Broker & Liquidation
Specialist needs to know:
(Why?) So as to be able to
quickly and correctly peruse the IT Asset Disposal scheduled pipeline off-loads, suggested prices, specs, availability, and
sales effectiveness. It's all necessary to make decent and, naturally, much better than "just good" profits in this
new market niche.....
We will cover in this module the essentials for connectors and ports in
the various categories of laptops…now, it is probable that many Pre-Registered Mobile Device Brokers & Liquidation
Pros will say “but I already know that there are USB ports, some laptops even have Firewire…many have Ethernet,
etc”……………but, for you, the soon-to-be Mobile Computing Pro.......you
need to know!
We will also cover some the basic terms and
“fashions” currently popular now in the mobile computing world…i.e., what’s an Atom CPU? Or,
what’s with DVI?
Please do not consider this information “trivial” or “minor league”….as
a Registered Mobile Device Broker & Liquidation Specialistyou need to know these essentials…if you want to make decent money. See below - image shows an HDMI Port (high definition multimedia interface)- this connection
type is very big now....as the video and audio are carried on one wire. Along with other advantages, as we shall see.
helps to add each Training_Mod to your Browser's Favorites, to assist in the periodic Quizzes. Have your hdset or Bluetooth connection, or external spkrs ready - to most effectively
view the YouTube Training Videos within all these Mods
are usually found on Mobile Devices such as desktop replacements, entertainment laptops, and gaming laptops. But many value,
budget laptops don’t. But, as a Registered Mobile Device Broker, you'll see a lot of Mobile Devices with
HDMI ports in the pipelines
of the Business IT Asset Disposals you'll be receiving. This is because HDMI ports are used in corporate meetings
with slide shows, new services-products presentations, corporate training, and even sales.We will explore some of the essentials for you to know, so
when a customer says to you “I want HDMI connectors on the laptops so as to be able to watch on my external HDMI enabled
display”…….well, you’ll know how to handle this “scenario.”
At Clear-Cloud Network, we see a lot of IT Asset Disposals with ONLY HDMI ports -
no VGA at all.
(High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is an interface standard used for audiovisual equipment such as high-definition television
andbusiness display systems. The businesses that will supply you
your Mobile Devices for resale, and the small businesses and Edu market you’ll sell these devices to, use HDMI ports
on their Mobile Devices a lot now – in Corp meeting with presentations, in classroom teaching, sports, etc.
With 19 wires wrapped in a single cable that resembles a USB wire, HDMI is
able to carry abandwidth of 5 Gbps (gigabits per
second). This is more than twice the bandwidth needed to transmit multi-channel audio and video,
future-proofing HDMI for some
time to come. This and several other factors make HDMI much more desirable than its predecessors, component video ,s-video andcomposite video.
View the video below...check out,
in this video, the very detailed tutorial and "presentations" of the typical connectors and ports found on a HD
capable laptop....important - so as not to waste time, ONLY "jump" to the time-point of 2:12 minutes into this over 2 minutes video...to
see typ. conns-ports.
But this market has also changed significantly for the last several years. And, so has
the proliferation of different types of ports, connections, on a laptop/netbook. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
The largest segment is inexpensive notebooks.And, now, of
course, NETBOOKS. That's because most users
do not have high requirements to functionality or ergonomics. They have just a few basic requirements, which are easily met
by the cheapest models.
As a Registered Mobile
Device Broker & Liquidation Specialist, you’ll be mainly (hopefully) be marketing to your region’s local small
businesses, and-or the local-regional (even statewide) Education market. Further on in your progress through the program we
will design specific areas on your web site especially targeted to your local buyers.
Fewer users are ready to pay much money for a
notebook, especially as functionality of Low-End notebooks is not that different from High-End models.
All advantages consist in extra features and new technologies. And not all users need these
features, still fewer people can appreciate their true worth.
So the manufacturers
have to offer cheap notebooks in their product lines – these notebooks make mass sales (although profits from a single
notebook sold are lower) and attract much more users.
And it's not a trivial task to preserve quality and
reputation on the market in the existing price reliability.
But – remember this – in the past year or so, Netbooks have
penetrated the business market to an alarming degree. Lat quarter alone, we here atClear-Cloud Network handled over 38,335
Netbooks. These were on the main pipelines of IT Asset Disposals, from Hilton Intl and Avis and Hertz. And now even the “smaller”
sized mid Corporates-Enterprises we deal with are releasing to the IT Asset Disposal pipeline an large then normal qty of
(note that all these are the 10.1” screen type – NOT the small
screens, because these are all business Netbooks, and not orientated to the “end user that’s a consumer”)
As a rule, the first sacrifice in this struggle is "unnecessary" (that
is unvalued) features like additional functions, (not needed or used connectors and ports) ergonomics, and usability.
All notebooks are rapidly falling into some average level.
And this average level at a low price shapes the consumer demand. Solitary models remain
in the professional segment, and those are getting unified. This tendency is not good, but that's the reality of the modern
However, you as a Registered Mobile Device Broker can “play”
with these trends and make money doing so.
The typical Budget entertainment/multimedia
minimum configuration laptop is a Ghoiusciou
A105-820; this is an off-load division we work with, and will (in
late 2009) expand our connections with lower level tier Taiwan-based laptop mfgrs.
We will examine
the included ports/connectors for you to learn the typical ports/connectors on an entertainment/multimedia laptop, and the other
general laptop categories, as well. It will profit you greatly to take the time to learn these “details” because,
then, when a customer calls your business and says “I need a decent laptop to view movies at work, with my employees
– and I want a video unit with good screen viewability for my employee training- sessions.” You’ll be ready!
Built on the new mobile technology
Intel Centrino Duo , the new Ghoiuscgiou A105-820 offers mobility in a 15.4" wide case. A100 series
is good for entertainment liking users, who wish to enjoy the advantage of mobile, multimedia rich, digital entertainments.
Case-to-Frame join area (where the ports and connectors
are located on all laptops):
the front beveled edge houses audio jacks and an analog volume control.
The left side usually contains VGA connector, vent grille, *S-video (see below),
IEEE1394 port, PCMCIA.
Most of a laptop’s rear panel is traditionally taken by the battery. It also houses
a power connector, LAN port, and two USB ports.
The right side houses two or more USB 2.0 ports, an optical
drive, and sometimes a modem port.
Display and Audio
Most of today’s notebooks are equipped with a standard wide panel. This panel lets
you work and watch movies, if you look straight.
Viewing angles are typical of modern wide TN-film panels: if you don't move your head much, movies
or photos are displayed rather well (colors are almost steady); but if you move the panel
a little further
or closer, distortions will be evident.
We here at Clear-Cloud Network are often asked by our newly Registered Mobile Device Brokers & Liquidation
Pros,“what , exactly, is an ExpressCard? How much do I need to know about this, and other
things, like what’s a PC Card port?”
ExpressCard is a hardware standard replacing PC Cards, an older std.
PC Cards are also known as PCMCIA cards.
The ExpressCard plugs into a laptop’s connector
on the side.
These slots can
accept Firewire, Serial ATA external disk drives,
SSD (solid state drives), and much more. They extend
a laptop’s usability greatly.
ExpressCards allow a laptop to be expanded with devices such as Flash memory card readers, networking cards, wireless
cards, extra USB ports and other devices.
ExpressCards are hot-pluggable, meaning that they can be safely connected or disconnected from a laptop
without turning it off first.
See image immediately below to observe how an ExpressCard
connect to a laptop.
all Netbooks-Notebooks you acquire, as a Mobile Computing Pro, will support
networking in one
form or another. This can include wired Ethernet, wireless networking or both. Some newer
machines also incorporate 3G cellular broadband to allow
internet access over the cellular telephone
Remember: as a Registered Mobile Device Broker & Liquidation Pro, wireless
is a B-I-G part of your profits!
This is usually the ONLY reason people (i.e., your buyers!) get laptops and/or Netbooks.
Wireless networking equipment (also often referred to as Wi-Fi) will support some version
of the 802.11 standard, either the mainstream 802.11g or a draft version of the new 802.11n standard (sometimes called n draft).
You may also find 802.11a systems, which offer similar performance to 802.11g, but these are rather uncommon.
Systems based on 802.11b are generally
considered to be obsolete. All versions of 802.11 require you to be within range of a
wireless hotspot or router for internet access.
If your buyers have no access to a hotspot
then the new 3G Broadband
features of several new laptops will allow you
to access the internet over the cellular telephone network, thus allowing users to get internet access nearly
anywhere in the world covered by
mobile phone networks.
As with a mobile
phone, your buyers will need a contract with their mobile phone operator who will provide a
SIM card to install in the laptop.
If your buyer’s laptop doesn't support 3G broadband then most mobile phone operators can provide
a USB "dongle"
you can attach to the laptop for 3G access. So,
when you design your advertising to sell your off-loaded laptops (we can do the advertising for you if necessary) you will
need to STATE CLEARLY in the ad, whether the laptop you are selling has 802.11n or 802.11g, and if the laptop does support
3G connectivity (over a cellular carrier’s network).
PC Card (see image immediately below)
PC Card (also
known as PCMCIA or CardBus) is an (older) standard for expansion cards. The cards themselves are similar in dimensions to
credit cards, though they are considerably thicker. PC cards allow a laptop to be expanded with devices such as Flash memory
card readers, networking cards, wireless cards, extra USB ports and other devices. PC Cards are hot-pluggable, meaning that
they can be safely connected or disconnected from a laptop without turning it off first.
PC Cards have been replaced
by ExpressCards and are considered an older technology. (see below for exploded view)
Other Ports and Connectors
Most laptops will incorporate at
least 2 USB ports, as there is a very wide range of accessories that can connect via USB, such as external hard drives,
Flash memory sticks, 3G broadband dongles, keyboards, mice and many other types of devices. As USB devices are so
common, many laptop designs will include more than 2 ports.
Laptops will also have one video connector of some sort to allow them to be used with
full sized monitors, projectors, or other EXTERNAL display devices. Most machines will have a VGA port or a more modern *DVI
IS DVI ?
DVI stands for (D)igital (V)ideo (I)nterface.The images immediately below shows DVI connectors.
DVI is a popular form of video interface technology made to maximize the quality of flat
panel LCD monitors and modern video graphics cards.
DVI cables are popular with video card manufacturers, and most cards nowadays include both a VGA and a DVI
In addition to being used as the standard computer interface, the
DVI standard was, for a short while, the digital transfer method of choice for HDTV, Plasma Display, and other ultra-high-end
video displays for TV, movies, and DVDs. Likewise, even a few top-end DVD players have featured DVI outputs in addition to
the high-quality analog Component Video. The digital market is now swinging towards the HDMI interface for high-definition
media delivery, and DVI is being reduced in popularity.
As a Mobile Device Broker and Liquidation
Pro dealing with the business units, you'll see a lot of these connectors - learn to know their worth - they're Better and
More Expensive than DVI...........................
may also include S/PDIF
connectors for connecting to high end audio
laptops have an IEEE 1394 port, also known as a FireWire port, or for laptops made by Sony an iLink
can be used to connect to external hard drives, several models of video cameras and other computers via their FireWire link.
A port replicator
is a laptop accessory that helps
your buyers quickly connect their laptop to a variety of external devices, such as a monitor, keyboard, mouse, printer and
so on. Port replicators make this job easier as all the devices can be connected in one go rather than one
at a time. Docking stations
similar, but offer additional features.
you are “up and running” as a Mobile computing Pro, you might want to stock these devices to sell to your buyers.
The CPU - The processor is a computer's "brain",
responsible for all the operations the computer can perform. All the laptops you’ll be dealing with from the mfgrs will
have either an Intel or AMD processor
on the notebook's main board (aka the “motherboard”)
The performance of the processor
will have a significant impact on the performance of the computer as a whole.
Currently, quad core processors are the fastest…but none of the mfgrs
and off-load divisions you’ll work with, will have off-loaded laptops with quad core processor, unit mid-summer 2010.
Atom is a new family of processors
from Intel intended for use in ultra-portable laptops such as Netbooks.
It is designed with extremely low power-consumption in mind.
of your buyers might ask “do you have Atom?” ………………..so you need
Celeron is the branding Intel uses for a range
of much lower cost processors for use in value computers.
Core 2 is the branding Intel
applies to its current range of processors. The range includes
Core 2 Duo for mainstream systems,
Core 2 Quad for higher performance computers and Core 2 Extreme for workstations. The Core 2 Duo processors
consist of 2 separate processors in a single package and the Quad and Extreme versions include 4.
So, you (the soon-to-be Mobile Device Broker & Liquidation Pro) might run
an ad (selling a batch of value Netbooks you just acquired from an off-load division) in a local newspaper, or on the web
(we can help you there with craigslist, amazon, etc), and your ad might say “fast and powerful and nice graphics."
Then, you get some calls…potential buyers that want/need to “get”
a unit like the one you’ve advertised….one of the buyers to your new laptop Business, may ask “do you have
laptops that will work well with movies? I need a FAST quad core!”
then you can say, “no, we do not have any laptops with quad core processors, but we do have very powerful, fast laptops
with discrete GPUs – which are graphics processing units -- (i.e. a separate card that’s inserted into a laptop’s
main board)…and let me come to you, and show you how good this laptop is, and what a good deal it is!”
………………remember – it is all about making
a living as a Mobile Computing Pro…that’s our job, here at Clear-Cloud Network–
to show you the (easy) way to do this…………………….
Remember all new CPUs work with SSD Drives!
Core i7 is Intel's
latest range of processors, the successor to the current range of Core 2 processors. All the current members of theCore i7 family are quad core, meaning that they effectively
contain four separate processors in a single package.
Core i7 is expected to offer better performance than the current Core 2 family.
Pentium is the branding Intel uses for a range of lower cost processors for use in
value computers. This name had previously been used for Intel's mainstream and high performance processors, but these roles
have now been taken by the Core 2 and Core i7 range
An optical drive is a device built into many of the off-loaded laptops you’ll
acquire…optical drives (aka CDs, or DVDs) allow you to access or create CDs, DVDs, and/or Blu-Ray discs,
depending on the capabilities of the drive. Nearly all drives can read CDs, and most can write ("burn")
them. Drives that can read and write DVDs are also common.
Newer high-end laptops may come with a drive capable of reading Blu-Ray discs, the latest format for high
Some types of
laptop, such as Netbooks and Apple's Macbook Air don't have an optical drive at all because there is not enough
space to install one. An external optical drive can be purchased for the Macbook Air as an optional accessory.
(but, as a Registered Mobile Device Broker,
you don’t have to worry about Apple!)
is a special type of high performance memory used by processors
to speed up processing by avoiding access to slower main memory. Cache memory is built into the processor itself and operates at the same speed as the rest of the processor,
as opposed to main memory which has to be several times slower.
Having a bigger cache will in most cases result in faster performance.
Currently, processor cache sizes up to 8 megabytes are available.
Centrino Mobile Technology is
a collection of computer parts from Intel which when combined comprise the Centrino platform. To be Centrino compliant, a
laptop should incorporate one of a range of Centrino certified processors, chipsets and wireless networking cards. Centrino
certified laptops run cooler, have longer battery lives and are expected to work with a wider range of wireless hotspots than
Laptops come equipped with liquid crystal
(lcds) built into their
lids. They can range in size all the way from 6 inches for a Netbook to 20 inches for a large desktop-replacement class laptop.
Display size is given as the distance from one diagonal
corner to the other, so a 15 inch
display measures 15 inches from its bottom left corner to its top right corner.
A docking station (see image immediately
below) is a more sophisticated version of a port replicator. It allows your buyer to easily connect a laptop to a set
of external devices such as a monitor, keyboard, mouse, printer, etc in a single operation, rather than hooking them
each up individually.
However, a docking station may also provide
additional functionality such as extra hard drive space, extra optical drives, additional connectors not available on
the laptop itself and so on. Docking stations usually also include a power supply so that you don't have to run off batteries
while using one.
Some Netbooks-Laptops made by Asian laptop manufacturers will have a mini-DVI port or a mini DisplayPort connector
( a very new technology/std for connecting PCs to displays in VERY HD mode) for output from a laptop
to a HD external display.
Laptops with sound will usually have a headphone
jack for listening in private, and will often also incorporate a microphone jack as well.
before we move on, let's clarify some things that you, the soon to be registered Mobile Device Broker needs to know about
the differences between the newer Mobile Devices. Remember that the IT Mobile Disposals you'll be receiving will have a lot
of these newer Mobile Devices - so you should be aware of "what's what" in this new arena.
What's the difference between notebooks, Netbooks and ultra-mobile PCs?
Let's start with a Ultra-Mobile
PC (UMPC). (see images below)
Technically, the term applies specifically
to a Microsoft product. It's a tablet computer -- imagine a computer screen without a keyboard. (note: many UMPCs have a slide
out qwerty kybd) The interface for most UMPCs is a touchscreen with a stylus and an array of physical keys
set along the sides of the screen. These tablets tend to be light like Netbooks and feature small screens in the 4- to 7-inch
(10.2- to 17.8-centimeter) range.
(with your headset engaged, view the video above - to quickly see what - exactly - is a UMPC)
Some UPMC models have a full qwerty kybd that you can slide
out from under the screen. Others rely exclusively on the touchscreen interface. Most run on the Windows Vista operating system. While UMPCs are more
portable than notebooks, they are more expensive than Netbooks.
Samsung's Q1UP-XP Ultra Mobile PC is a good example. It has a seven-inch (17.8-centimeter) LCD touchscreen
display and weighs just two pounds (.9 kilograms). It has a split QWERTY keyboard with keys on either side of the screen.
It's also WiFi and Bluetooth compatible. The computer has a microphone and can serve as a voice over Internet
protocol VoIP) device. The price tag for the Q1UP-XP at the time of this writing is $1,299.
But some people use the term UMPC to describe all small computer devices,
including Netbooks. Others use it to differentiate pricey mobile computers from inexpensive Netbooks.
while Apple calls its MacBook Air product a notebook, others say it doesn't fit the notebook category. The Air is thin enough
to fit inside a standard manila envelope and features a 13.3-inch (33.8-centimeter) LED backlit
display. But its processor is less powerful than other MacBook models. It has limited storage space and only a few ports.
The Air also costs a pretty penny: the starting price is $1,799.
The Air's design, processing power and price make it tricky to categorize. That's why some journalists use the term
UMPC to describe devices that are portable but are more powerful and expensive than Netbooks. Using this terminology, a Netbook
is small, inexpensive and has modest processing power. A UMPC is small, more expensive and generally has a better processor
than a Netbook.
New products will blur the lines
further between Netbooks, notebooks and UPMCs. At CES 2009, Asus showed off the Eee T91 and T101H computers. These devices
are a cross between tablets and Netbooks. They feature screens mounted on a pivot -- (see below image)
you can turn the screen around and fold it back over the keyboard. A
touchscreen interface (see above image, shows typcial touchscreen
i-face) allows you to use the Netbook as a tablet PC. These products will hit the market in 2009. At the time of this article,
Asus has not made an official announcement regarding the price of these products.
have the potential to make the mobile computing landscape more confusing. As smartphones become more powerful, they begin
to fill the same niche as Netbooks. In general, smartphones range in price from around $199 to more than $900. They're very
portable and multifunctional. Companies that design applications for smartphones may incorporate more cloud computing strategies
in their products in the near future.
the same time, some Netbook manufacturers are partnering with cell carriers to include cellular technology in their products.
Some Netbooks can access 3G, EDGE and other cellular networks for data transfers. While data transfers using these protocols
tend to be slower than Wi-Fi , the infrastructure for cellular networks has a stronger foundation than WiFi networks.
One thing is for certain: mobility is important. People want
to be able to access applications and data any time and anywhere. They may want a device that has its own spacious hard drive
or a Netbook they can use to log into a remote data storage service -- or they may not know what they want.
While Netbooks accounted for a significant percentage of computer
sales during the 2008 holiday season, the return rate on Netbooks is relatively high. That may be due to consumers misunderstanding
the purpose of Netbooks. The devices aren't as powerful as notebooks, laptops and desktop computers. They also tend to have
smaller keyboards and some people have trouble typing during an extended computing session. And people who choose Netbooks
running on Linux may become frustrated with an unfamiliar operating system (OS).
Despite the return rates, the popularity of Netbooks and other portable
computing devices continues to grow. The convenience of these devices coupled with tough economic times may mean the days
of the super-powerful and expensive desktop PC are numbered.